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The cushion cut diamond gets its name simply for the way it looks. The cushion diamond is often crafted for maximum weight which naturally makes it look like a pillow or cushion. Cushion cut diamonds have never been the most popular diamonds, or the most beautiful, brilliant or unique diamonds on the market; none the less it has never lost its value and popularity. Unlike the round or princess cut diamonds, the cushion cut is known to look its best when set in the sophisticated vintage or micro pave rings. The cushion cut diamond has gained popularity over the past few years and is considered one of the hottest diamonds on the market today due to its stand along beauty.
Halo settings are the most popular setting for cushion cut diamonds. It’s almost as if the halo was made for the cushion cut diamond.
The soft edges of the cushion cut are perfect alternative for those who are stuck between a round or princess diamond.
The cushion cut diamond, once referred to as an old mine cut, combines a square cut with rounded corners. This classic cut has been around for almost 210 years and for the first century of its existence was the most popular diamond shape (similar to the round cut today). Until the early 20th century, the cushion cut diamond was the de facto diamond shape.
Traditional cushion cut diamonds return light in a chunkier pattern than modern cuts. Combined with the enlarged culet (which was considered desirable for the pattern created when viewed through the table), this created a distinctive look that is prized today among dealers in antique diamonds.
Partially based on cut research initiated by Marcel Tolkowsky in the 1920's, refinements to cushion diamonds over time (such as shrinking the culet, enlarging the table, and improving cut angles for increased brilliance) have led to a resurgence in popularity. Many buyers are attracted to the antique feel combined with modern performance offered by the cushion cut.
The standards for cushion cut vary more than most other shapes, and personal taste will dictate choice. While generally less brilliant than round brilliant diamonds, cushion cut diamonds often have better fire, which is part of their appeal. Modern cushion cuts tend to have one of three basic pavilion facet patterns. One pattern has an extra row of facets on the pavilion and is classified by GIA as a "modified" cushion cut. These modified cuts tend to have a "crushed ice" or needle-like facet pattern more similar to a radiant.
A cushion must be cut perfectly or else it gets what’s known as a crushed ice effect. The table of the diamond will look very obscured and lifeless.
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