Understanding Diamond Carat Sizes
Carat weight is one of the most important of the four C's of a diamond. The global standard to measure the weight of the diamond is in ‘Carat’. ‘Carat’ is a term used to describe the weight of a diamond, and the word originates from Ceratonia siliqua, commonly known as the Carob tree. Diamonds are sold by the carat (shown as ct.), a unit of weight, though it is often mistakenly seen in terms of size. The difference is more than numerical. A 1-ct. Diamond weighs the same as four 0.25-ct. Diamonds, but because it is so much rarer, the 1-ct. Diamond is more expensive than the sum of the
values of the 0.25-ct. diamonds. It is important to know that ‘Karat’ and ‘Carat’ weight are different words that have a different meaning. Karat refers to purity in Gold and Carat is the unit of weight for diamonds.
WHAT IS THE WEIGHT OF ONE CARAT?
A carat is a unit of measurement equal to 0.2gm or 200mg (equals one-fifth of a gram). A carat is divided into 100 points (compare it to a dollar being divided into 100 pennies). For example, a 40 point diamond weighs 0.40 carats. According to the US Federal Trade Commission rulings, all weight representations are subject to a 1/200 carat (one-half point) tolerance.
A diamond's size is measured in millimeters, length by width or the diameter of the diamond. But two diamonds of equal weight can have very different values depending on the other members of the Four C’s: clarity, color and cut. The majority of diamonds used in fine jewelry can weigh one carat or less. Diamonds are weighed with precision, right to the nearest 0.01ct.
WHAT ARE DIAMOND SIZES?
Diamond Carat Weight Measures a Diamond’s Apparent Size
When viewing diamonds always check the measurements listed for each diamond to understand its size. The length and width will tell you exactly how large the diamond will appear when viewed from above. Please keep in mind while reviewing diamonds of any shape that increase in diameter of the diamond will yield a larger increase in surface (crown) area and overall perceived size. It is best to check the measurements listed for each diamond to understand its size. The length and width will tell you exactly how large the diamond will appear when viewed from above. Two diamonds of the same shape and carat weight may still appear different in size based on the cut proportions. A well cut diamond may even have a slightly lower carat weight than a deeply cut diamond, yet still have a larger diameter, making it appear larger in size. Two diamonds of equal carat weight may also appear very different in size based on the shape of the diamond. For instance, a 1 carat oval tends to appear larger than a 1 carat round. The chart below illustrates why. For each diamond, the chart shows the following:
- APPROXIMATE SIZE
The diamond images online are shown as accurately as visually possible. They are close approximation of the actual size of a 1 carat excellent cut for each shape. Visually, the longer shapes (oval, marquise, pear, emerald) tend to appear larger to the eye than the round and square shapes.
The measurements correspond to the shape shown above, and are typical for excellent cut diamonds of 1 carat weight.
- CROWN AREA - THE TOTAL SURFACE AREA (MM2)
The area gives the true size of the diamond face up (as it would appear when set in a ring). For example, while the oval diamond image appears larger than the round image, the actual surface area is the same for the two shapes, meaning the difference in size is one of perception, not reality. In contrast, the oval not only appears larger than the princess cut, it actually has a larger surface area (approximately 10% larger in this example), meaning the difference is not simply an
illusion created by the elongated shape.
WHAT DOES A DIAMOND CARAT COST?
The cost of a one carat diamond can range from just $1,500 to $18,000 for an extremely well cut, high quality diamond. As the Diamond pricing increases exponentially as diamond carat weight increases. That means once a diamond hits it’s critical weight, the price bumps up. The critical weights are 0.30ct, 0.40ct, 0.50ct, 0.70ct, 0.90ct 1.00ct, 1.50ct, 2.00ct, 3.00ct, 4.00ct, 5.00ct and 10.00ct. As carat weight increases, you will typically pay more in total prices of the diamond and also on
a price-per-carat basis as well. Refer to the table below to understand the relationship between diamonds in increasing carat weights and equal quality.
WHAT ARE “MAGIC SIZES”?
ome Diamond weights which are considered “magic sizes” include half carat, three-quarter carat, and carat. Visually, there is negligible difference between a 0.99 carat diamond and one that weighs a full carat. But the price differences between the two can be significant.
Diamonds that aren’t these “magic sizes” are called “off-size diamonds”
WHAT ARE “OFF-SIZE DIAMONDS OR SPECIAL SIZES”
Not every stone will fit into a whole or half carat size, but plenty do hit those f ractions of carats — like a 1.3 or a 1.7 carat diamond. They aren’t as popular as their whole-size counterparts, making it easier for you to get a larger weight stone for less money.
WHY ARE DIAMONDS SO EXPENSIVE?
For the diamond’s in today’s times, bigger isn’t always better. The diamond’s value is assessed with the 4Cs - the diamond size (carat weight), colour, clarity and cut. The larger the diamond, the higher the colour, the cleaner the diamond, the better the cut. The price is high when the diamond is rare in nature and not easily available. It typically takes about 250 tons of rock mining to produce a single 1 carat diamond. That's why diamonds are rare and expensive. If you want to figure
out a way to spend less but get a good diamond, consider getting to know about Magic Size and Off - Size diamonds.
WHAT IS THE LARGEST DIAMOND IN THE WORLD?
The Cullinan Diamond is the world’s largest diamond. This nearly flawless rough diamond was discovered in 1905 at Pretoria, Transvaal, South Af rica and named after the mine owner, Sir Thomas Cullinan. It weighed about over 600 grams or 3106 Carats. It is the biggest gem quality diamond ever found. The Cullinan was handed to Amsterdam’s House of Asscher to polish. The diamond was divided into 9 major gemstones, 96 smaller stones and about 19.5 cts of unpolished
pieces. The Cullinan Diamond was cut and polished into 105 diamonds with the largest of them weighing 530.21 Carats and named the Great Star of Af rica (Cullinan1). The second diamond weighs 317.42 Carats and was named the Lesser Star of Af rica (Cullinan 2). The two largest gems were kept for England’s regalia and the rest went to Asscher as payment. King Edward bought one of the major gems for his consort, Queen Alexandra. Both diamonds have been set into the British Crown. Louis Botha, premier of the Transvaal, persuaded his government to buy the diamond for approx. US $1 million and presented it to England’s King Edward VII as a token of thanks for granting Transvaal its own constitution. The Transvaal government bought the remaining stones and pieces, and presented the other 6 major gems to Queen Mary in 1910. Two of the small stones were presented to Louis Botha, who gave one to his daughter when she turned 17.Today, the diamond is located in the Tower of London in the British Sovereign’s Royal Scepter. The diamond is not alone there, as the Cullinan II, along with some of the other smaller cuts of the original Cullinan diamond, is also located in the Tower of London as part of the Crown Jewels. Queen Elizabeth II holds a private collection inherited from her grandmother, Queen Mary, with seven of the major cuts and 96 minor cuts.
For the diamond’s in today’s times, bigger isn’t always better. The diamond’s value is assessed with the 4Cs - the diamond size (carat weight), colour, clarity and cut. The larger the diamond, the higher the colour, the cleaner the diamond, the
better the cut. The price is high when the diamond is rare in nature and not easily available. Yadav Jewelry will always give you an honest and fair price.